Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS)

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Reporting standards to increase transparency in psychological research

What is APA Style JARS?

APA Style Journal Article Reporting Standards (APA Style JARS) offer guidelines on what information should be included in all manuscript sections for

  • Quantitative research (JARS–Quant)
  • Qualitative research (JARS–Qual)
  • Mixed Methods research (JARS–Mixed)

Your research will be clearer and more accurate if you follow APA Style JARS.

Using these standards will also increase transparency; for quantitative research, using the standards will increase the reproducibility of science.

Read Editorial: Journal Article Reporting Standards (PDF, 96KB) for more information.

Watch a Video About JARS

This video describes and discusses the updated APA Style Journal Article Reporting Standards.


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Quantitative Research

Use JARS–Quant when you collect your study data by measuring variables or report it through statistical analyses.

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Qualitative Research

Use JARS–Qual if you collect your data through participant observation or interviews and report it in narrative form.

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Mixed Methods Research

Use JARS–Mixed if your study mixes both quantitative and qualitative methods.


APA Style JARS is a set of guidelines designed for journal authors, reviewers, and editors to enhance scientific rigor in peer-reviewed journal articles.

A major aim of the standards is to broaden the reach of published research — from the level of the student to that of the peer reviewer.