Reporting Research in Psychology provides practical guidance on understanding and implementing journal article reporting standards (JARS) and meta-analyses reporting standards (MARS).

Described for the first time in the sixth edition of the Publication Manual, these standards were designed to make the reporting of results both comprehensive and uniform Reporting standards, now widely used in the behavioral, social, educational, and medical sciences, provide transparency to the research process and make the generalization of results across studies more precise.

In this book, Harris Cooper includes carefully chosen examples from articles published in APA journals that illustrate how JARS and MARS can be incorporated into various types of research studies, with engaging and helpful commentaries on each item.

This book fills an important gap in the literature and is essential reading for undergraduate students in research methods classes as well as graduate students and early career researchers.

Table of Contents


  1. Reporting Standards for Research in Psychology: Why Do We Need Them? What Might They Be?
  2. Setting the Stage: The Title Page, Abstract, and Introduction
  3. Detailing What You Did: The Method Section
  4. Summarizing Your Data and Statistical Analyses: The Results Section
  5. Describing What Your Results Mean: The Discussion Section
  6. Reporting a Meta-Analysis
  7. How the Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) and the Meta-Analysis Reporting Standards (MARS) Came to Be and Can Be Used in the Future

Appendix: Front Matter and Abstracts for the 14 Articles Used as Examples



About the Author

Author Bio

Harris Cooper, PhD, is professor and chair of the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He is known for his work in research synthesis and research methodology.

His book Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis: A Step-by-Step Approach (2010) is in its fourth edition. He is the coeditor of the Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis (2nd ed., 2009).

In 2007, Dr. Cooper was appointed to membership on the National Academy of Sciences' Standing Committee on Social Science Research and Evidentiary Standards.

Dr. Cooper is also interested in the application of social and developmental psychology to educational policy issues. In particular, he studies how time on academic activities influences achievement. His topics of interest include homework, summer learning loss and summer school, year-round school calendars, extended school days and years, and full-day kindergarten.

From 2003 through mid-2009, Dr. Cooper served as editor of Psychological Bulletin®. In 2007–2008, he also served on the committee that revised the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association®.

In 2009, Dr. Cooper became the chief editorial advisor for APA's journal publishing program. In this role he serves as a resource for the editors of APA journals as well as the mediator of disputes between editors and authors and between authors and authors.

In addition, Dr. Cooper is editor-in-chief of APA's three-volume Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology slated for publication in 2012.